The Effects of Presbyopia on Performance Vision

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Derek Cunningham
Keith Smithson
Amanda Nanasy
Fraser Horn
Logan Kaleta


Presbyopia has been a condition that eye doctors have largely diagnosed based on age or clinical testing. Although the effects of presbyopia are typically very predictable in a clinical setting; its effects on real-world visual performance are far less predictable and relatively poorly understood. With more and more Baby Boomers and Gen X maintaining an active lifestyle, performance vision becomes a priority. This article aims to explore what is known about how visual performance can be maximized despite the progression
of presbyopia and identifies areas where research is needed.


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Author Biographies

Derek Cunningham, Dell Laser Consultants

Director of Optometry and Research

Amanda Nanasy, Florida Institute of Sports Vision

Director of the Florida Institute of Sports Vision

Fraser Horn, Pacific University College of Optometry

Associate Dean of Academic Programs and a Professor at Pacific University College of Optometry in Forest Grove, Oregon


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